A storyboard is portrayed by images which can help film creators have an insight on how a storyline or plot will unfold.

It is given shot by shot in images of scenarios and/or ideas.

For our storyboard we broke down the three act structure into a shot by shot array of images to depict an idea and enhance a clearer understanding of the synopsis, which will help us represent our film opening more realistically.

The storyboard helped us generate a general idea of the settings, sound, props and costumes that will be used in the creation of our opening scene.

To create the sense of darkness as well as mystery we plan to use Low Key Lighting. To achieve this we will have one dim light within the room which creates a silhouette of the characters.

We hope to achieve an effect like this (above image) for shots 5a and 5b. This is unique as other time travel films such as ’The Time Machine’ and ’The Time Travellers Wife’ use different methods to travel back and into different phases of time.

In the Time Travellers Wife there is no machine used however the human body of a male physically travels back and forward within time; within The Time Machine, an actual machine is used and operated to travel back in time.

To create this time travelling effect we will try and overlay an image over a moving image the best we can but a downside to this plan is that it is a very hard effect to create.

This is the trailer for ‘The Time Machine’, this shows how the machine is used so that you can see how our idea of jumping into a time hole is differentiated from other time travel films. If we’re able to create a time hole effect I feel the film opening will be very unique.



The Time Travelers Wife (2009) directed by Robert Schwentke

The Time Machine (2002) directed by Simon Wells

Websites – Accessed 23/03/2013 – Accessed 28/04/2013


Preliminary Task – Video

This video is our preliminary task practice, it was our first attempt which helped us understand as well as process ideas on how to film our opening scene.

We used a variety of filming techniques such as the match on action shot, 180 degree rule, and also the shot reverse shot. It also gave us an idea on how to use the camera to the best of our ability, in this process we also learned the appropriate, rough space you will need to achieve good clips.

The video was our first attempt, therefore it was not perfect nor to an amazing standard however it helped us learn what was needed to improve for next time. There were a few mistakes and errors made in our recording which we tried to cover up using Final Cut Express. We also made appropriate cuts to the clips we had to improve the visuals and remove of sound which were not needed.

We could make a variety of improvements such as filming an individual character in one whole phase then the responding character in another singular phase. This will remove any slight disorientation caused due to switching constantly. We will also choose more appropriate and easier to access places to film as the area in which we were filming was very small.

Audience Feedback

1) What are your initial thoughts on the production?

2) What did you enjoy about the production?

3) What didn’t you enjoy about the production?

4) How, in your opinion, could we have improved it?

5) What genre would you classify the production as?

6) Was the storyline easy to follow?

7) Were the locations suitable?

8) Is the age classification of 15 suitable?

8i) If no, why?

8ii) If yes, why?

9) Was the editing completed to a good standard?

10) What improvements could be made on the editing?


Here is the Animatic consisting of images from our storyboard. We collected the images from the paper and made them virtual by scanning them. Once done we cropped each individual image so that they we seperate and not all as one image. We now had each individual image to edit accordingly whilst making appropriate changes to improve the quality.

Using Photoshop we made the images more realistic by adding movement and effects to aid visual idea, whilst sequencing the images to get an idea of the timings we would require for each segment.

We could of improved our animatics by creating the base images on the computer using programmes such as Photoshop or even paint, however we were unable to do this due to restraints. We were able to create the images by hand and improve them afterwards on the computer once they were scanned but again we lacked time to improve them greatly.

We included music with our Animatic to make it more unique and improved, the music on GarageBand (the software we used) isn’t copyrighted so we were able to create free music content over our Animatic without the worry of copyrighted claims.


Final Production

The Agency (show below) is the final outcome of our film. It is complete with edits and sound.

Our Final Production was completed after many delays and setbacks, which on occasion forced us to change our plans. Overall, I believe that our Final Production was completed to an good standard. However, due to time constraints, we do realise we could have improved our production by utilising the sound effects more effectively as well as some of the editing. As a first strike at filming I do believe the experience has enabled myself to gain an experience in working with goals and deadlines with a partner, whilst also improving my IT skills. This was our first attempt in filming and I believe our Final Production was made to a good standard overall.

Film Analysis – The Other Guys

In the opening scene of “The Other Guys’ you can see a tall building for a mere moment in what appears to be the city of New York, this is the reinforced and reassured by the recognisable well known landmark, the Empire State building, it is silent for the duration of this short image then switches to fast paced action music as the transition quickly moves into a car chase scene.

Dwayne Johnson ‘The Rock’ is the first character appearance of this film, this gives an impression upon the audience as he has been in films beforehand mainly action-comedy based films which coincidentally this film is. You can hear him talking on the radio, which has an impact on the audiences mind as to who he may be talking to; it then switches over to whom he was speaking to once he has finished speaking.

Samuel L. Jackson fires a shot at the chasing car beforehand you could hear the sounds of the cars swerving and sliding. This action music says the words ‘ladies man’ during this short period. The bullet that he fired hits the back of the car and makes his partner turn as he then laughs.

Here you see the retaliation of the speeding driver as he fires a bullet towards Samuel L. Jackson it hits his police light but he then pulls out another one which replaces the shot down light. The camera transition swoops and follows this bullet then pans away positioning the target in the centre of the camera, there is a screeching sound the instant the bullet is fired. This is an obvious edit as it would be near enough impossible to capture a bullet flying through the air however is masked well as the audience will sense danger and that there is serious business going on.

The characters here are in a medium close-up shot showing the expressions clearly on their faces to the audience as they crash into the side of a car.

The actors are taking fire from an assault rifle; you can see the sparks on the car as its being hit a further indication to the audience that the actors in the car are in danger. You also see a name exemplified as it is near the sparks drawing further attention towards that area of the screen. Whilst the scenery is blurred as there is fast paced action occurring as the car is travelling fast or it is given the illusion of the car travelling fast because of the background. This is typical and expected in an action based genre film.

If the audience did not recognise the Empire State building at the start of the film, they are now further reassured as the bus indicates ‘New York’ on the side. Special effects or stunts were performed to act this clip out as it then switches to the interior of the bus giving the illusion the characters were in the car. These sorts of crashes are also expected in Action genres.

The bus, now seized, wreaks havoc in the city. The pursuers are chasing the hostile(s) telling the audience that it’s not over yet whilst the bus can also be considered hostile as the bus is knocking cars aside like they’re nothing. Showing us that the people running away must be caught no matter what, or have valuable information. However could also confuse the audience as to who are the protagonist and antagonist.

The bus spins which launches the car outwards towards the audience, Samuel starts firing as he gets closer…

then closer now showing his facial expressions more clearly…

And closer showing his expression in high detail, the point in which he is moving in on the target is emphasised well, during this phase everything is slowed down. His voice shouting “you have the right, to remain silent” indicating a victory over the criminals perhaps. The sparks from the gun are being emitted simultaneously.

Here you can see an animated special effect featuring the beginning of a pyrotechnic explosion.

The explosion then gets large and a loud bang consumes all noise, this instantly creates suspense as you cannot hear anything, so you do not know what has happened as the noise is masked and the screen partially covered.

The explosion then proceeds to get bigger covering the whole screen, this further creates suspense and tension as the audience cannot see nor hear anything. Their view is obscured.

The ‘police’ actors, police indicated on a t-shirt, are asked questions by the press. The police have caused a huge amount of damage but escape punishment and maintain peace by tricking the crowd not giving correct sentences and bending the truth.

The expressions are shown the characters faces as they are answering the questions, whilst they look innocent, not serious. The other representatives standing behind them look a lot more serious, showing the audience that they’re not worried. They may do reckless stunts such as the one previously shown plenty of times.

More questions are then asked, which could possible start to make the audience inpatient.

Answered with more humour in mind, further supporting the fact they’re not worried, Dwayne says “No comment… but yes” answering a question about a well-known celebrity, telling the audience that perhaps Dwayne is a celebrity in the film or extremely important. This is followed by the crowd cheering and applauding signalling they have evaded the heat of the press and are now on their way. The cut is then made as it flashes into the next scene.

Below is the entire clip, above images were taken from this.


Websites: (Clip) – Accessed – 13/11/12




2010 – The Other Guys (Adam McKay)

500 Word Treatment – Film Overview

500 Word Treatment

The upcoming text is a 500 word treatment on our film, in which the themes, characters, structures (the set up  set back and solution) as well as the setting. I will also show which of the 5 main theories interlink with each subject.

The main theme of our film is a Mystery, the film involves many elements however; as it has Action, Sci-Fi and Drama. We also have a main protagonist, known as ‘The Agency’ a secret organisation. They’re an organisation with advance technology. Agencies main goal is to change the future by alternating the past. An opposing organisation named ‘Genocide’ stand against The Agency, Genocides plans to brainwash Hitler were interrupted by Agency which resulted in Genocide drawing attention to The Agency organisation. Genocides goals were to brainwash Hitler and use him as the spokesperson covering up Genocides secret plans.

The re-occurrence of what happened during Hitler’s reign is at stake, if Genocide successfully brainwash Hitler as previously done The Agency would have failed, however if The Agency are to succeed future as we know it will be changed… hopefully for the better.

The film takes place firstly in the United Kingdom, London. This is where The Agency Headquarters are stationed. This location is secluded thus meaning little information is known about its interior. As the film progresses The Agency have developed a device that allows you to travel back into time. This occurs then the new setting is in Austria, where Hitler belonged and first wanted to become a painter. The third location is in the Genocide HQ underground, an interrogation quarters to gain intelligence from an Agency operative/spy.

We have included a variety of interesting characters, The Agency and Genocide being the ones that are already mentioned, there is a special character, Hitler who serves an important role in the film. The Agency and Genocide are two organisations which have opposite objectives. There are also other ‘secret’ characters that you do not actually see, being the voice of Agency intelligence- the voice who is giving information to the Agency operatives as well as the leader figure, a shaded, silhouetted character handing out assignments.

Our theme is linked with Claude Levi-Strauss’ theory in which he believed our stories in our films unconsciously reflect our values, in that Binary Opposites exist and are needed to understand the story. Such as the Protagonist and the Adversary, which in our film ‘The Agency’ are the protagonist and ‘Genocide’ are the adversary.

Our characters link with Levi-Strauss’ beliefs as well as Vladimir Propps. Propp believed you could classify characters and actions into roles and functions. Such as a hero who is seeking something- the villain opposing this hero. Again I will use the previous example for clearer understanding ‘The Agency’ being our hero finding Hitler, whilst ‘Genocide’ being our villain is the obstacle.

Our three act structure which are the set up  the setback and the resolution link with the belief of Tzvetan Todorov whom believed that Equilibrium must be attained and balanced,The set up being change Hitler, the setback being Genocide and the resolution being eliminate Genocide.

Finally our setting has been chosen as it represents the busy and important lifestyles our characters play, consequently showing what is at stake or what could be at stake.

Preliminary Research Task

Continuity Editing

Continuity editing is a visibly continuous edit; it is where we tend not to notice the gaps as well as the breaks of scene changes, editing and subtitles. There are two categories of continuity editing; one is temporal editing; the other is spacial editing. There are many shots used in continuity editing which will be discussed throughout this post. (See spacial editing)

A good example of continuity editing are montages. They are a stream/sequence of clips often with related soundtrack, this creates new meanings as it allows the viewer to see a lot over a short space of time. Montages are often used to get a point across, show vast amounts fast and sometimes even make it look better such as in trailers giving a lot, whilst also giving so little.

Here is an example:

Temporal Editing

Temporal editing is when the perception of time is created and exemplified (editing to show time changes possibly over a long period of time within a short allocation of time), this can be a love scene where two lovers are shown thinking about each other at the same time but in different places. It can also be shown the opposite way around where  a fight has occurred and the male is out drinking whereas the female is in their apartment crying.

Another aspect for temporal editing is speeding up time to show the passing of days, even months such as a gorup of mates drinking at a pub in daylight then cuts and it is dark with more drinks empty and stacked up.

Temporal editing is even used to portray flashbacks/flash forwards in time to a previous/future time, this is a relocation of time within a story considered or assumed.

Temporal editing is also the overlapping of images which expands viewing time and plot duration. Can be used to create slow motion effects and creates more emphasis on the event/action taking place. 

Spacial Editing

There are different shots involved in Spacial editing to enhance the experience and allow the audience to know, sometimes even feel where they are in the film.

  • Establishing shot

Establishing shots are often used in a new scene, with the intention of showing the audience where the action is taking place. This is often an extremely wide long shot. It is beneficial as it allows the audience to see where the film is set. Here is a good example of this shot.

  • Master shot/take

Master shots are a single shot, that includes a complete scene from it’s beginning to it’s end. A master shot is usually followed by the other shot’s taken such as close up shots, extreme wide shots etc. It’s also used to see the whole picture, like what every character is doing simultaneously in a room. It’s beneficial as it allows the audience to see the whole story, outcome or event.

  • Shot/Reverse Shot

The shot reverse shot follows the 180 degree rule, it is a film technique that shows one character looking looking at another character often off-screen (this could be an anonymous character in the shadows) and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character. The way the camera shows them facing opposite directions makes the audience assume that the two characters are looking at each other.

Here is an example of the shot reverse shot obeying the 180 degree rule.

However there are exceptions to the 180 degree rule:

If you an unsure of what the 180 degree rule is here is a quick video explaining the basis of the rule.

  • Match on Action Shot

A form of continuity editing is the Match on Action Shot. This shot is when one shot cuts into a second shot which shows the action/subject in the first shot at a different perspective. This creates the impression or visual bridge as such, which attracts the viewers attention upon the subject and masks the editing.

Below another example to help understand the shot:

Overall, I think that continuity editing plays an extremely, if not the most important part of film production and making. A skilled editor will be able to interpret all previously stated and more making the correct cuts to improve the movie and add suspense as well as other elements. Without editing skills, the film would be hours long, without the added dramatic effects etc that form with good edits. An editor who is less skilled will draw the audiences attention on the editing such as cuts and transitions and away from the actual movie.


Websites (Clip) – Accessed 07/11/12 (Clip) – Accessed 07/11/12 (Clip) – Accessed 07/11/12 (Clip) – Accessed 07/11/12 (Clip) – Accessed 07/11/12 (Clip) – Accessed 12/11/12 (Editing Research) – Accessed 13/11/12 (Montage) – Accessed 13/11/12 (Editing Techniques) – Accessed 19/11/12 (Skills required) – Accessed 19/11/12 (Continuity impacts) – Accessed 19/11/12 – (Editing) – Accessed 19/11/12



Dmytryk, Edward (1984). On Film Editing: An Introduction to the Art of Film Construction.


2012 – Trouble with the curve (Clint Eastwood)