As we can visualise, I have created my very own movie poster. The genre of this movie is action/Horror and we are able to notice this from the title and the signifiers from the image i.e., the red background, the creepy mask and the fact that there is a car and the title says “moving” which connotes fast and furious action. Furthermore, I am going to talk about the parts of the image and how and why they have purposely been used make it effective for the genre and purpose of the film poster. I am also going to break down how I created my movie poster and what tools I used. Furthermore, I am also going to be using images of the stages that my movie poster went through in order to look like a movie poster. There will be 3 important links below and they will demonstrate how you can create your very own movie poster with the software Photoshop CC.

Firstly, the mise en scene of this poster tells us what has been put into the film poster from a variety of aspects. The setting and props are crucial as they give the horror/action look. The setting of this poster looks like the car is somewhere on the go as there is concrete on the floor, this indicates that the car is on a road and is maybe stopped as it was moving, however, it links to the title because it indicates that the car is “moving”. The props such as the car and mask also provide the film with the action and horror look. The car has big shiny wheels (spokes) with studs and has a spoiler which indicates it is a fast car, this tells us that there will be action because if the car is fast it is obviously going to be used for its purpose which is racing or escaping (Getaway vehicle/driven fast). The setting and props manipulate the audience by building certain expectations then taking different turns. The costume and the makeup are difficult to visualise as the camera angle is not showing the body of the anonymous character although, we are able to visualise the characters face.

Due to the extreme close up shot, we are able to determine the fact that the character is wearing a mask, this indicates that he wants to remain anonymous and secretive and maybe he is the “murderer” or linked to the murderer. This creates suspense even before the trailer hence the reason to why people become interested in the movie without viewing the trailer. The face of the character looks very disturbing and scary, this emphasises the fact that the content of the movie will contain horror. The facial expressions of the mask indicate that the character is evil and mischievous as he is staring directly at the camera and is frowning. The position of the character also tells the viewers that the car he is driving is involved in the movie because the character may need his car to be constantly “moving”, the positioning of the character also helps the audience suggest relationships hence why we think the character is going to have the car involved in the movie. From the lighting and colour we can see that there is low-key lighting which indicates that the movie is linked to the horror genre, the contrast of height in dark areas lifts the effect of the movie being scary and unpredictable.


For this poster, I used the application Photoshop cc and I also used Both of these applications enabled me to make a poster of the genre action/horror. The use of red and white that I included all gave off the effect of a horror title. This was because I wanted people to be amazed by the title and different contrasts in the poster so it stands out. The image in the background was originally myself in a car with a mask, this was because it matched the genre I was doing and it also looks more original and fresh. The use of the blood like lines on top of the background is because it adds more of a horror effect, I used various YouTube tutorials to assist myself with doing this because I am very new to the Photoshop application. Also from the top, we can see that there are very different yet very famous actors involved in this movie. I used this to show that the movie is off a high budget and is starring the best actors and film crew money can buy so that it attracts a wider audience. The names are in a white and red kind off contrast which makes them stand out and look more important. Also with the release date, I have purposely made the release date for the 31st of October as it is Halloween and this intrigues people because everyone is in the mood and motion of horror movies hence it will bring more viewers.


Finally, these links I have included at the very bottom helped me achieve the poster I wanted. The title is in 3D and this was done with the font “Batman forever”, I chose this font because it looked aggressive and bold which helped my poster become more attractive and eye catching for the audience. Before I even began to make a poster I taken an image of myself with a mask on my face in a car to be my base (Image is displayed above). After the base, I added my background and text, this included the names of actors that were starring in my movie and the film editors and crew. The background of my Image was blood streaks, I used these twice as I had the blood over lapping and this made the background look more horrific and gory. Behind the blood, I used a concrete ground effect so that it looked like the blood was stained onto the image. All of these images contributed to make my movie poster look better. This movie poster links to the movie “Maximum overdrive”.

Image result for maximum overdrive

This movie was released in 1986 and uses the images/themes of scary vehicles that cause damage and destruction. Similarly, “The Moving Murderer” film poster also conveys these themes of vehicles that cause damaged driven by masked villains. These both share similarities from their trailers which make the movie look more suited for their genres which is horror. Also the vehicles in both images look aggressive and this give us the theme of action because as the audience, we can visualise that these vehicles will be used as weapons. From the image below we can see that the truck has been involved in murdering some people because there is blood and body parts all over it, this shows links to my movie poster because the vehicle driven by the masked person looks aggressive as well and even though we cannot see the front or rear of the car, we can infer that it is covered in blood just like the background.


Websites: – [Link accessed on 29/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 29/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 30/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 30/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 31/10/2016]


1986 – Maximum Overdrive (Stephen King)


Film opening analysis 1,2,3

Image result for real steel dark scenes

Today we are going to analyse 3 movie trailers, the first being my main movie which is under the genre action/sci-fi. This movie is called “real steel”, and it is about robots that fight. The second movie is called “Law Abiding Citizen” and it is of the thriller genre, this movie is about a man who lost everything and now he is out to seek revenge. The final movie is called “Straight Outta Compton”, this movie is all about having a voice in such a deprived area in America especially with the rise of police brutality. The actors re-create how a music group lived during the late 1980s. I am going to talk about the genre, text, background information about the movies, signifiers, sequences and target audiences, I am also going to mention how these movies link to other movies that are of the similar genre/backgrounds.

The genre of this movie trailer is action and the genre conventions of this movie are that the movie is dark at the beginning and then becomes bright and vibrant as the characters progress into becoming better people who are more successful because they step back and actually see what their life needs in order to become better. The use of the dark setting is successfully created with the low key lighting, this is because when the characters are doing a certain activity it would be in a dark scene and until the character has achieved something good which is towards the end of the movie, low key lighting is used up to that point. The setting of the movie is in an urban area and countryside. Both of the settings make it clear that the movie genre is action as the characters like to live rough and harsh, only paying more attention towards there robots so that they can become successful boxers who establish their own name and earn vast amounts of money. The characters have oriented their lives specifically so that they can train their boxing bots into better fighters, this allows the audience to realise that the characters are determined to achieve success and that they have the potential to become who they want to really be.

This movie (Creed) uses low key lighting to emphasise how the character is feeling and how they are doing in life. From the use of low key lighting in the above screenshot, we can infer that the character feels trapped with a mountain of guilt, this makes him look and feel claustrophobic because he is the reason to why his daughter is not living with him. The above screenshot also tells us that the character is trapped, this is seen by the use of top lighting which tells the audience in order to escape, the character needs to succeed and he has only one chance just like there are bright lights coming through above him. Another movie that uses similar effects is “Real Steel”, this is because during the movie, when Atom is discovered, he is found in a dark scene at very dark times for the characters as Charlie is in great debt. The image above uses low key lighting to show that there is hardly any hope left for the characters, the low key lighting is dark in all aspects of the image. The eye level angle allows the audience to see that there will need to be lots of hard work in order to make Atom a great fighter, this is further emphasised by the low key lighting and the dirt stained on the metal of the robot. Finally, in both movies the characters are found by someone and this is when high key lighting is used, the robot Atom finds Charlie and Creed finds a trainer als known as Rocky Balboa.

As the trailers starts, we are provided background information about the characters and how the characters are in the situation they are in (No money at all, and they owe people money), this creates a good relationship between the audience and the characters as we know what the characters have been through in their past. In this trailer Charlie was a world champion boxer and he uses these skills to pass onto a robot because was unable to fight due to an injury, however he still succeeds and pursues his dream through his robot who eventually become trained into a very high quality boxing bot. Although Charlie’s bot was not orientated to fight in a ring, Charlie uses his gift and transforms his robot into a serious machine that competes with robots who are worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. The robot that Charlie uses was also found in a scrap yard, the message that the movie possesses is that “You can believe to achieve” similar to how Charlie uses this phrase to progress at the very start of the movie, when nobody believes in him.

The word “Real steel” signifies raw construction and collision. This links to the movie as the robots are constructed by steel parts and then they fight which links to the idea that they collide. The dark shades of colour also signify hardship and carnage and this can link to what the robots may expect in the ring as they face other contenders. Also since the robots begin to fight, the investors do not spend money on them so they look like raw steel however, when the robots prove to everyone that they are seriously good at boxing, they become a better looking/more clean robots with paint and additional parts, however, Charlie keeps his robot the same. They got the robot “Atom” from scrap and since they found his in the form as just “steel” they did not cover whim with a coat of spray paint, instead they left him in original condition. This tells the audience that you cannot love things that are just great, you have to love everything how it is. This relates to the move because the characters only love the robots after they show that they can fight whereas, the robot “Atom”, he was loved at the minute the characters discovered him.

The sequence from the movie tells us that the character (Hugh Jackman) is running out of options and this is his last chance to change and be successful, then they discover a robot and it is like a magical blessing that enables them to actually do good and make a decent living out of their life which shows that they eventually become more successful than expected. We do not know if they will be 100% successful however, from the sequence of the movie we seem to be persuaded that they will. The robot that they find costs them nothing and the character Hugh Jackman invests his time into the robot and has self-belief into becoming successful with this robot, then the audience realise he actually does become successful with this robot as they spend time training and having self-determination into making the robot huge contenders in big boxing divisions.

The audience that this movie is targeted for is teenagers and adults because it portrays some forms of violence however, it is not in depth and as gory as an 18 plus movie. The movie also contains themes of comedy which enlighten the audience and make it more exciting onto of all of the action and sci-fi involved, hence why it is suitable for teenagers as well as adults. Also the movie shares themes of hardship and emotion which as humans we are all able to relate to. The story that the characters possess tells the audience a message of “Never give up and always believe in yourself”. Surprisingly, this can relate to many people who are viewing the movie and it is like motivational preach to everyone viewing, telling them that they can do anything similar to the characters Charlie Kenton and Max Kenton if they believe in themselves.

To conclude, this movie conducts many different emotions and themes that revolve around darkness and happiness however, from viewing the trailer of the movie we know that the characters will eventually be successful and happy and this is great as they converted their darkness and transformed it into happiness. Furthermore, the trailer also starts off with hardship and gradually makes it easier for the characters, this allows the audience to accurately guess what the movie is going to unfold. This movie also links to the movie “Creed”. The movie “Creed” talks about how a boxer is trying his best to become successful and grow a statement of his name. The messages and themes conveyed in the movie creed are also very similar to those shown in the movie “Real Steel” because excluding the robots, the characters Charlie and Creed are both in the same position and towards the end, they both become successful and prosperous people. This is all done by commitment, motivation and dedication to what they love. They are guided by their trainers to stick to a plan and after they believe and work hard, success bows to their feet.

The second movie trailer I am analysing is the “Law Abiding Citizen” which is a thriller/drama that was released in 2009. This movie stars Gerard Butler (honourable family man) and Jaime Foxx (decent prosecutor who makes one bad mistake). This movie is very horrific because it is about revenge and justice, it also brings out the darkness of the main characters who were never expected by the audience to be capable of such bad things until they were hurt deeply. We visualise how the character, “Clyde” strives to get revenge for the death of his daughter and wife. He also uses his magnificent mind to outsmart people who are high up in the law so he is one step closer to his next move. The character “Clyde” is expected to be the average family man however, when he is crossed by a top end agent who makes a deal with a criminal, bad things happen.

As we can visualise from this image above, the use of low key lighting is successfully used because it captures the critical aspect of this image. The darkness of committing a crime is emphasised by the use of low key lighting. This makes the movie more serious and changes the atmosphere and environment in which the viewers will enter causing more of a simulation of the genre of this movie. Another movie that links to this is “Wanted” because both of the movies share similar genres hence use similar techniques to make them more realistic and simulating. The movie “Wanted” purposely utilises low key lighting because it changes the tone and atmosphere in the scene. In our case, we can visualise James McAvoy being hurt quiet badly due to the injuries on his face. This manipulates the audience to instantly feel guilt and sympathy towards the character, it also questions the audience and makes them more engaged with the movie because they want to discover what is happening.

The genre of this movie is that it is a thriller/drama. The genre conventions of this movie are that it is very consistent and dark due to an ordinary family man having his family slaughtered in front of his very own eyes. The movie trailer begins as a very content occasion as the father is spending quality time with his daughter until the family end up as hostages in the house due to burglars, they leave the main character alive however, the criminals murder his wife and daughter. The scene of the trailer begins as a bright light (by the use of high key lighting) of joy and slowly progresses into darkness and evil, we visualise this due to the dark settings that are purposely used to add effect such as the low key lighting, this setting makes the audience prepare for thrilling content.

The symbolic codes from the trailer show that the character Clyde is extremely despondent due to the murder of his wife and child, we know this due to the intense and swollen facial expressions the character makes. His eyes are filled with fluid and look very drowsy, his face is red and saliva is dribbling down his mouth along with thick dried nasal mucus from his nose. The technical codes are that the camera shots are mostly close up and the camera angles are mostly shots when they are focused on the character Clyde as the cast wants to focus all of the audience’s attention onto the characters face, mainly to see his emotions. We are focused on the characters face because the symbolic codes allow us to read his face and what sort of emotions this character is experiencing. Toward the end of the trailer, we notice that the character Clyde is more focused on revenge instead of emotionally mourning. This is due to the fact the Clyde wants his revenge in order to feel some sort of satisfaction and when he does progress with murdering every individual who was involved with the murder of his wife and daughter, we will stop and feel complete.

The title “Law Abiding Citizen” is a fundamental signifier in this movie as it is a juxtaposition to what actually happens. The character Clyde is actually a law abiding citizen until he is crossed by an agent where it causes him to become the opposite of a “Law Abiding Citizen” and this is pretty much straight into the movie trailer, where we witness the character Clyde doing some collateral damage to people related to criminal law. The colour red that is surrounding the character Clyde on the trailer title also tells the audience that there will be some form of violence, danger and blood because these are what the colour red connotes. The pictures show both characters Clyde and Nick, they are both specifically focused on a certain goal and we can see this from the close up camera shot. The images of the characters are on top of each other which tells the audience that the characters are against one another, this provides the audience with a further insight to the movie with only just focusing on the movie title. From the characters faces we can also see that they are angered and emotional regarding some of the problems they encounter in the movie, this is even more visible due to the low key lighting as it produces sharp contrast of light in dark areas, hence highlighting the characters facial emotions.

From the sequence of the movie, we can see that the characters Clyde and Nick are eventually going to clash and someone is seriously going to become injured as we see from the trailer that both characters are ruthless and fearless as well as clever. The character Clyde is also getting revenge for the murder of his wife and child, the trailer shows him blowing up vehicles and killing people so as an audience we could imagine that this will keep progressing to the end of the movie until one of the characters are stopped. The cleverness of “Clyde” is emphasised especially in the trailer, he is able to attach bombs onto vehicles and remotely detonate them causing lots of people to die. Although this is a dangerous trait, the character “Nick” has more power and access to the law. He is higher up and has many reinforcements on his side therefore, both characters need to play their own game in order to survive.

The audience that this movie would be targeted towards is mainly male and female adults that are around the age of 18-25.Firstly, this is because of 2 reasons. The first being that there is an emotional and empathetic side towards the movie which would be appealing towards females, this is mainly because women tend to show more emotions whilst watching something however, men are more emotional but they can easily hide their emotions. The second is that there is revenge and justice served for the character Clyde, this would appeal more to adults in general, as mature humans we would constantly be burdened with guilt until we solve a problem that has occurred. Lastly, this movie would also appeal to lawyers that are studying criminal law as it conveys different approaches to criminal cases and how they must and must not be dealt with.

In conclusion, the movie trailer we have discussed has various themes and approaches as it is suited to a specific audience and set of people. This movie is targeted towards people who enjoy movies that eventually unfold and have a sower build up/approach with loads of suspense. It also unfolds deep emotions of characters and displays what their capabilities are, this surprises audiences as they sometimes might stereotype the characters in a movie based on the appearance of the character and during the movie they become amazed or mortified due to the discovery of the characters ability that they underestimated. This movie links to the movie “Wanted” because the characters are searching for revenge after they have been damaged by someone. Both movies have a similar target audience. The sequences of this movie is that it is always progressing and getting darker throughout the scenes and this is heavily emphasised by the use of low key lighting. Although the movies share the same genre, they symbolic codes they possess are slightly different. The symbolic codes such as the facial expressions of the characters are very serious and focused on the targets they plan to assassinate. Finally, from the title of this movie, we are able to acknowledge that the person or a person is wanted, the font is huge and looks aggressive which makes the movie more suited towards its genre and theme. The font looks like it is moving, this could emphasizes how the movie is fast paced and how it builds up rapidly to its momentum.

The genre of this movie is that it is a drama film/ biography. The genre conventions of this movie is that the movie is mainly about the characters, their lives and how they grew up in such a diverse environment. The movie is about rap music and police brutality. The genre conventions of the movie are that there will be gun crime, racism and a variety of good and bad occasions in the careers of the rappers within the group NWA. Due to the time that the movie was set, the characters are in Compton, this was a very rough area and had a very high crime rate so the audience will be expected to see criminal activity in the movie. This movie is set out in many ways, it starts with a struggle then gets light and vibrant because the characters are winning and then repeats these two stages again.


Image result for straight outta compton

The movie “Straight Outta Compton” uses many high key lighting techniques to create effect on the movie, in our case it highlights the success of the characters in the group NWA. The type of lighting that is combined with high key lighting is background lighting. This is because the background lighting is used to illuminate the background area of a set. The background also adds distance between the subjects within the images such as how far the characters have come in terms of success. By adding this effect, the filmmakers can add an illusion/sense of depth to the shot making it look more realistic. The low camera angle is also used to make the characters look more in power and command, this links to the way that the police used to treat them however, now that the characters are in power, they have power to stand up for themselves and also have a greater freedom of speech.

The movie “Anuvahood” also uses high key lighting however, it is kind of like a juxtaposition because in a violent scene, the audience would expect the lighting to be rather dull. Instead, in our image above, we have high key lighting. The high key lighting is used with a low camera angle and the camera is also tilted. This is effective because the close up shot of the camera and low angle make the audience able to visualise the characters face and from our view we can see that he has been brutally attacked. The use of the camera effects also allows the audience to successfully visualise what the characters are experiencing emotionally because they give us a close up view. The side angle camera shot also gives the audience a simulating view because we are in a similar position to the character.

This movie (Straight Outta Compton) mainly uses long shots and close up shots due to the characters being in one whole group or when they are on their own. When the characters are all together in the group it shows that there is a sense of peace, unity and brotherhood within the group hence why there are long shots used. However, when there is a close up shot it is mainly utilised to focus on the characters facial emotions to show the audience what sort of emotions the characters are experiencing, this causes empathy and sympathy. Also there are low camera angles that are used to show how big and popular the group are when they are together, it links to them all being unstoppable and powerful. The symbolic codes such as the mise en scene tell the audience that the movie is highly organised and set. The characters are wearing clothes that were highly popular and in fashion during the 1980s.This tells the audience what era this movie was set in, from the vehicles, buildings, studio and gadgets, the audience can easily identify this movie genre as a biography. The symbolic codes of how the characters are positioned on the film cover also signifies unity and teamwork.

Shockingly, from the title “Straight Outta Compton” the signifiers are clear. The use of slang in the title indicates that the title is associated with a rap group and due to the highly popular area Compton, where rap is very traditional and common, we are able to puzzle the signifiers together that the title of the movie is a rap term or cover. Also the popular names at the top of the trailer cover show that the artists in the movie are famous artists in our current day. This also signifies to the audience that the movie is a biography. Another fundamental signifier is the colour, only the colour black and white is used. The colour black and white suggest that there was no coloured printing during the mid-late 1900s and this indicates that the movie is based on something which is a classic in today’s society. Lastly, the colour black and white indicates segregation and isolation. This signifies that during the mid-late 1900s, black and white people were very separate and black people were often racially abused by society and police. The colour black and white used on the title could suggest that the characters were highly against racism and police brutality.

The sequence of this movie is all about money, idolism, having a voice and living life to the maximum luxury. The benefits of gaining money from the music life that the characters are in enabled them to lead a different lifestyle, it helped them to escape the “ghetto”. The idolism and having a voice was part of the job of the rappers as people listened to the rappers rather than the police and this reduced police brutality because people were listening to the voices and views of the rappers regarding the current situations that were happening in America during the mid-late 1900s.With all of these quality’s the rappers lived there life’s to how they wanted, they did not need to worry about anything and were completely focused on their music and futures.

The audience of the movie would be viewers of the age 15-30, males and females. This is because the movie demonstrates how a group of uneducated people that were surrounded by violence and crime, came together and changed their lives by using what they had passion for and manipulating that into a job and career path that was successful. Also, the group used their beliefs and thoughts, they expressed these to the world and got moral support by their audience that listened to their music. This shows that always be confident and always be yourself, this is a crucial  life lesson and message that the group wanted to promote across to everyone and that we should all follow our dreams and believe in yourself instead of being silent with thoughts trapped in our minds. Just like the rappers, words need to be written down and published.

To conclude, this movie serves a crucial part of its purpose and that is to reveal parts of history that we shall cherish and follow because from the position of these rappers, we see that they could have easily been like the most of the population in the area of Compton and that is just average people who carried on with their lives and had no say regarding the current situations that the black people of Compton were in however, these individuals used music as a success and that impacted the lives of black people in Compton because the music that the group released, it was everywhere and made it globally. This means that everyone in the world was aware of the issue that black people were going through. The group also made it clear that police brutality was a shameful act and when they made their new single “F**k the police”, the world was devastated by how cruel the police had become. The purpose of this movie was to experience and inform what people of Compton went through and by using all of these factors in the other paragraphs above, the movie was successful in what is shown especially from the biography genre. This movie links to the movie “Anuvahood” because both of these movies portray an aspect of life in tough, deprived and rough areas of the world. Although the movie “Straight Outta Compton” is made in America and focuses mainly on police brutality, the movie “Anuvahood” focuses more on the deprived areas of London in the United Kingdom. Both movies show how reality is set in different parts of the world and even though we see harsh scenes such as the characters experiencing unpleasant things, it makes us think how problems are easily caused. The movies both demonstrate forms of abuse, in the first movie it is obviously police brutality and in the second movie it is mostly bullying and crime that is being spread among the area and this affects everyone in the area. These movies focus on different aspects of their time and when they were set, however, if we step back we are really looking at the same image that was drawn on a different date in a different environment.


Websites: – [Link accessed on 20/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 20/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 20/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 20/10/2016]  – [Link accessed on 20/10/16] – [Link accessed on 21/10/16] – [Link accessed on 21/10/16] – [Link accessed on 21/10/2016] – [Link accessed on 24/10/2016] -[Link accessed on 24/10/2016]


2011 – Real Steel (Shawn Levy)

2015 – Creed (Ryan Coogler)

2009 – Law Abiding Citizen (F. Gary Gray)

2008 – Wanted (Timur Bekmambetov)

2015 – Straight Outta Compton (F. Gary Gray)

2011 – Anuvahood (Adam Deacon & Daniel Toland)

Movie Poster Analysis

Image result for real steel title analysis


Today we are going to be searching for the denotations and connotations of the movie title “Real Steel”. The genre of the movie is action, sci-fi and sport. The importance of denotations and connotations are that they manipulate our thoughts and what we can visualise however, they also allow us to see beyond a simple image and allow us to interpret and suggest what could possibly happen next within an image/shot (E.g., if it was a low camera angle, we would assume the people we are looking up to in the shot are in command of something).The use of denotations and connotations are also purposely utilised by the movie makers as it allows the viewers to unfold parts and hints of the movie themselves. This makes the movie more entertaining and interesting. I will also make a comparison between another film that also uses connotation/denotation similarly and this will show you why and how the movies I compare are successful due to the use of denotation and connotation that are implemented for specific reasons.

The denotations of this image is that we can visualise a massive muscular robot, the robot looks colossal compared to the main actor. It is in a close up shot and at an eye level angle that makes the image seem more natural and also it makes the robot look more powerful since we have to look up to him. The image also tells us that the robots name is Atom because it is a glowing logo on his chest, this tells the audience that the robot is not very old since it has sophisticated features that make it look more sharp and cool. Atom is clenching his fists, from the setting we are able to identify that the robot is in ring with his trainer/owner, this is clearly evident since there are bright light positioned upwards and thick strands of ropes behind the robots which give the audience the impression of a boxing ring, this type of lighting is a mixture of high key and low key lighting because it makes the exterior look natural such as the expected lights of a boxing ring and a shadow around which is the audience.

Looking at the characters body language, the main character (Hugh Jackman) is in a boxing position and the traditional boxing stance he is in, this is copied by the robot behind him, since the trainer and robot are close their body language suggests this is making the characters bond and closer relationship wise. Props are also used, the main character (Charlie) is also wearing boxing wrist wraps which make the suggestion of them being in a boxing ring more accurate. Another denotation is the title, it is directly placed in the centre of the poster and looks very simple but effective due to it having the same kind of shade as steel. This links to the movie “Creed because the denotations are similar, there is a trainer and a student boxer and there are lights that are getting brighter and lastly, there is the title that is positioned in the centre at the top. Even though the movies are not the same, they share similar themes and denotations which make them obvious of their genres (both have a sporty genre).

The connotations for this movie poster is that we can infer that the robot atom is a boxing robot, this is because he looks very strong, muscular and also has dents that look like the size of robot fists on his body, this shows he is a great boxer as he only has minimal damage. His body physique is shredded similar to a boxing athlete, the main character (Charlie), also may be the trainer of Atom since he is wearing wrist wraps however, he does not look fit enough to be in a boxers shape and this could be due to an injury hence why he is training atom and looks like a retired boxer who has become a trainer. The body physique of both robot and man is emphasised by the eye level camera angle, this makes the robot look more immense and fierce since the audience are looking up to him similar to an inspirational statue. The robot Atom could also be a great fighter since the ring that is behind them is very large and seems to be a ring where professionals would fight, we can infer this because of the powerful lights that beam down on the opponents in the ring making the boxing ring seem more quality and high class.

The letters that are also on the front of the title spell “Real Steel”, this links to the image of the robot that is clenching his fist with the human who is doing the same action because it satisfies the audience into believing that they are going to be guaranteed an action packed movie. The title of the movie is positioned onto a dark background, the dark metallic font and colour of the letter connotes strength and durability. Also, we can visualise the darkness of the robot and the human is surrounded by bright light in the background which tells the audience that there will be some form of success reached by the robot and the man and perhaps they could win in a battle due to the determined looks they have on their face, they look focused on one specific thing which means that it could be the title belt of their boxing careers. The connotations of this movie link to the movie “Creed” because they both share similar backgrounds. The backgrounds begin dark and eventually transform into light which could reflect the history and success of the characters during their careers. Also the trainer and boxing relationship could show that both individuals were great at boxing in their own time however, they may have started/stopped the sport due to various reasons which will maybe unfold during the movie. Another connotation that could be made is that as the teacher and student in both films begin, they have difficulties with each other however, once both individuals open up, they become more touched by their stories.

To conclude, both film posters are brilliant. The movie “Real Steel” portrays the image of hard work and dedication as the trainer has to progress with his robot and turn what they have into a substantial victory, whereas the movie “Creed” is very similar as it shows the boxers have to maintain and dedicate their lives to a fixed routine and this routine is a recipe towards success. The use of backgrounds in both movies highlight the struggle the characters experienced as it began dark however, in both backgrounds there are lights which connote saviour and success that we see happen throughout both of the movies. From the connotation and denotation, we are able to easily find clues and hints that relate to big scenes of the movie, this makes both of the movie titles enjoyable to view and it also provides a vast amount of facts regarding the content of the movie. The audiences would often view these posters and instantly they would be drawn into the movie. This is purposely used to capture the specific audiences that like these movie genres and are able to catch onto small hints and surprises that may unfold during the movies.


A movie which links with “Real Steel” is “Fast 5”. This is because the movies both show and represent the purity of their content through a single poster. For “Real Steel”, the movie poster shows strength, ferociousness and defense. These are all words which link to the movie because they actually happen through the use of Mise En Scene. In comparison, the movie “Fast 5” also links to the movie “Real Steel” because both movies offer their specific audience types a simulation of the content that they show through the movie posters. For the “Fast 5”, the poster represents courage, brotherhood and power. Shockingly, these are all conventions which are shown in the movie trailer through the effective use of Mise En scene and since the posters of both movies are highly effective, they offer the audience a real experience and taste of the movie and some of the content that it comes with.

The movie I have chosen that links to “Creed” is called “Rocky Balboa”. This is a movie which is of the same genre of “Creed” However, both movies link because they each display images which are related to the movie but allow the audience to understand what they are displaying. For the movie “Creed”, we have an image of a boxer who has a trainer, we understand that the movie is about the sport, boxing. Another interesting fact is that we get can see talent through the young man and his assumed trainer is using his talent to make the boxer a successful champion. These are just some of the interpretations that we are able to visualise as an audience. The movie “Rocky Balboa” can also link to creed because it has a picture of a man who is wearing boxing wrist wraps and has his arm in the air. This links to “Creed” because both movies have characters that are successful and champions through their expressions in the images of the movie posters. The movie creed shows a character who is motivated to be a champ and the other shows a character who has already been a champ.


Websites – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16] -ACCESSED ON [18/10/16] – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16] – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16]  – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16] – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16] – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16]…/16FE93E18DE17874F89B1CF3F027495E.ppt – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16] – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16] – ACCESSED ON [18/10/16]


2015 – Creed (Ryan Coogler)

2011 – Real Steel (Shawn Levy)

2011 – Fast 5 (Justin Lin)

2006 – Rocky Balboa (Sylvester Stallone)

Symbolic code anlysis

Today we are going to analyse a couple of images which will provide us with knowledge of what actually goes into a shot of an image. I am going to highlight the 5 elements of mise en scene and how they can make it easy to analyse media text. The 5 important elements are, setting & props, costume, hair and makeup, facial expressions & body language, lighting and colour and lastly the positioning of things inside the frame such as objects and people and what this shows. I am also going to make references to movies that have similar genres. Lastly, I will show you how the effectiveness of mise en Scene changes the outcome of the movie and how it makes movies great and successful. I will also demonstrate the pure thought and efforts that have been gone into the movies causing people like me and you to appreciate the efforts of media in general as well as cherish these amazing films.



The mise en Scene of the image also tells us that there has been vast amounts of work that has been put into the image. Firstly, the setting & props are crucial as they give the image the action genre look. The props such as the weapons some of the characters are holding, make the audience comfortable with the fact that there is going to be loads of action involved into the movie. On the other hand, the setting also plays a colossal role as it manipulates an audience by building certain expectations and then taking a different turn. From the setting in our image we can see that our movie is set in the city Rio de Janeiro. On the left side we have a shamble of favelas and on the right side we have the iconic statue of “Christ the redeemer”. The characters are positioned closer to the statue rather than the favelas, this emphasises how they all use religion to help them pull through the jobs they are doing successfully, and it also shows that religion is on their side literally.

The low camera angle shot also provides the audience with a sense of safety because the iconic statue is hovering above the characters, behind it are bright white clouds and this aspect highlights the importance of belief and faith. The main character Vin diesel does not have a weapon however, around his neck we can see that he has a silver cross chain. This chain symbolises the statue of “Christ the redeemer” and portrays to the audience that the character uses his faith as a weapon instead of a firearm. Lastly, the setting also demonstrates that the characters are going to proceed into the unknown as the iron grey clouds in the background connote danger and darkness. Consequently, the costume, hair and makeup provides the audience with an insight to the characters personality. For example, our four main characters are wearing tight clothes to emphasise the fact that they are muscular. This makes the characters look fiercer and action ready so it contributes to the genre and purpose of the movie.

Another part of mise en scene is facial expressions and body language, these allow us to visualise and make connections regarding the relationship between the characters. The characters in our image are all focused on a certain object hence why they have very serious facial expressions. The effect of facial expressions are that they reveal some emotions of the characters and keep the audience entertained because the audience do not know what to expect. Another factor of mise en scene is the positioning of the character & objects within the frame. The positioning of the characters in our picture tells us that that Vin Diesel (in the middle) has the most power out of all the characters as he is directly in the centre. Around Vin are his partners who have weapons and the weapons they are carrying are guns. The characters who are using the guns are positioned closely to the side of Vin and this shows that they are his crew/team who are protecting him.

The objects such as the vehicles that are in the frame also provide us with useful information. All of the vehicles in the background are under the category muscle cars as they are created by “Dodge”, since muscle cars are made in America we can infer that the crew has arrived from America with their cars. In addition, the lighting and colour suggest that there are going to be good and bad occasions, we can interpret this by looking at the sky in the image because some parts of the sky is grey which connotes obstruction and darkness however, the other half shows clear blue which connotes a free and clear environment and this maybe at the end of the movie when the group achieve their goal. Finally on the character Vin Diesel, we see a high key type of lighting as this shows the audience all of his physical attributes and how powerful he is within the group. This high key lighting glows on his body and allows viewers to visualise his muscles that are larger than average.


Image result for good movie posters car


This movie poster links to the movie “Need For Speed”, this is due to the mise en scene being relatively similar, the characters are set in an unusual environment that seems like it is located near a countryside, the costume, hair and makeup make the characters look more like themselves which allow the audience to predict their personalities. Also, the other parts of mise en scene such as facial expressions show that these characters are focused on a fixed thing just like the characters from the movie “Fast 5”. The lighting of the second image is high key as it reveals everything bright within the shot making it look more realistic as if there is natural sun shine beaming on the image. Finally, the positioning of people within the second image shows that there will be 4 main characters, with the emphasis of the Dutch tilt shot, the relationship between the characters is easier to tell.

The main character at the front seems to be a race driver as he has his sleeves rolled up and is next to an aggressive looking race car, we can tell that he has rivalry with the man behind him (Dominic Cooper) because the characters are doing the same gestures and are wearing the same style of clothes, this could also mean that they have similar driving styles and are good racers. This rivalry we sense could be to demonstrate which characters is a better driver and we can infer this from the performance vehicles that the characters are surrounded by. The characters in the shot who are further back (man and woman), seem more casual and relaxed, we can infer this due to the style of their clothes and this makes a link to their personalities. The use of mise en scene in both movies is very successful and is easy to interpret hence why both blockbusters were so viral and entertaining. They literally fed the audience all the information mainly from the movie posters.

The mise en scene of this picture (Fast & Furious image above) from the action genre also tells the audience that there has been a vast amount of work put into the picture. The long shot image has been used here with a low camera angle. This is to enhance the view of the image so it can cover roughly everything that needs to be visualised by the viewers. Firstly, the setting & props of the image are used to get a certain reaction out of the audience. In our case, the setting is in a country side where it is hot, we can see there are clear blue skies and big mountains and this could also suggest that the setting is near a military base as military bases are distant from urban areas and are more isolated. The props such as the military tank indicates to the audience that it can be used as a weapon which can cause extensive damage. The crushing of the white American muscle car also suggests the characters are in great danger which has resulted in the remarkable jump made by Tyrees Gibson.

Due to the camera shot being long it is very difficult to visualise the costume and makeup of the character. Although, we can notice that the character is wearing a black leather jacket in this hot weather which means that he was expecting danger hence why he chose to wear the leather jacket. The leather jacket would be useful during action as it would protect the characters skin from deep cuts and grazes, as we are all familiar with leather being a tough/rough material that bikers use for protection in cases of any accidents. The facial expressions and body language of the actor allows the reader to see the reaction of the character as he is performing such a colossal stunt. From the facial expressions of the character we can see that he is used to such huge stunts as he knows where to place his body and where to position it in order to reach the blue car that he is aiming for. The position of the character also suggests that he was originally in the white car however, the military tank had crushed it so he needed to jump onto another vehicle, this may have been due to a rivalry between the two teams in in the movie .In addition, lighting is also used within the frame, the use of high key lighting within this frame is a clear juxtaposition to the scene that is being portrayed due to the character being chased by a military tank that suggests he is in clear danger however, the lighting is bright whereas it would have been more expected for low key lighting to emphasis on the action that is happening.

The use of mise en scene in the movie shot of “Fast and Furious” links to the mise en scene of the movie “Need for Speed”. This is evidently clear because both of the movies specifically utilise the mise en scene to give the audience a certain expectation. The mise en scene of the movie “Need for Speed” creates effect from all 5 aspects. Firstly, the setting and props of the image allow the audience to understand that the movie is set in America as we can visualise an American muscle category vehicle (which is only sold in America) pulling a huge air stunt. This creates a tense atmosphere for the audience and makes everyone think whether or not the driver will make the stunt and survive. Since we cannot talk about facial expressions and body language within this shot, we can talk about the lighting and colour.

The use of high key lighting is used in this shot, although it is an action movie, the use of high key lighting should not really be used as the driver is in danger and could have a serious accident. The use of low key lighting would have made better sense as it would have underlined how much danger there is but since the stunt happened during the day, it makes more sense to use high key lighting as it reveals everything within the shot. Also the positioning of items within the frame such as the car tells the audience that the stunt happened in a busy area since there are lots of cars in the one shot. The blurry effect of the shot also emphasises the genre of action because this is related to the topic of speed and that is related to the title “Need for Speed” which makes the movie seem more simulating and action packed.


Image result for need for speed movie stunts

To conclude the use of mise en scene is fundamental as it plans out what each and every part of a shot look like in a movie and what they represent in an image. The mise en scene helps the audience identify the genre of the film, it helps people analyse and create certain tones/moods within the shots. The use of mise en scene in both the images of the action movie assist the audience with thoughts and ideas as to what they can expect and visualise in the images. If the mise en scene is used successfully, then it can manipulate the whole movie into a success, the above movies are both blockbuster due to the great use of mise en scene and this drastically determines the outcome of a movie. If the important factors of mise en scene are ignored then the success rate the movie is going to be severely low.


Websites – [18/10/16]  – [18/10/16] – [18/10/16] – [18/10/16]


2014 – Need For Speed (Scott Waugh)

2013 – Fast and Furious 6 (Justin Lin)

 2011 – Fast5 – (Justin Lin)


Technical code analysis.

The movie genre I have chosen is action/thriller and the images I have selected are from the movie FAST 5 which was released on the 21 April, 2011. The highly popular movie is directed by Justin Lin who has directed the franchise. This particular action movie reached a 7.3/10 IMDb rating. I am going to analyse various types of shots that have been used within each image, the effect that each shot gives and the purpose and representation of the shots. I am also going to say what the shots reflect of the character, the characters behaviour and what their facial emotions express regarding the current situation they are in. Since this is an action genre, we will be expecting many low camera angles with close and far shots depending on what the image wants the audience to visualise however, since the movie is action/thriller, there will be many different shots to expect.

Furthermore, the genre of this movie is clearly evident because from the title people will be able to take a rough guess regarding the genre of the movie. They will be able to tell that it is from an action/thriller genre. This will mean that more people will want to watch the movie based on the content and genre it will provide. An example is of the movie “Gone in 60 Seconds”. This blockbuster movie reached an outstanding box office of 237.2 million whilst starting off on a smaller budget of 90 million. Both movies made a success because they convey evidently, themes and hints of the action/thriller genre which specifically targets an audience that are engaged in these sort of movies.


From the image above, we can visualise that the type of shot is a LG (long shot). From the long shot of the image we instantly know that the purpose of the shot is to demonstrate the whole subject in the image and since the picture is from an action/thriller movie we see two characters preparing for something whilst being on top of an aggressive looking vehicle. Although usually you would expect the settings to dominate more with action/thriller genres, the characters are actually dominating (this is juxtaposing the typical expectation of the action genre) more because the scenery is only a clear sky with a few clouds and the characters are in a high up position looking like they are ready to jump off the car.

The fact that it is also a low angle shot suggests the two characters (Dominic Toretto and Brian O’Connor) are in power and command because we as an audience are gazing up to them. Also we can see how they are taming an aggressive looking car that has flared arches and deep bonnet vents, this makes the characters look even more powerful. From this low angle long shot, we are able to see the characters facial expressions. Their expressions highlight the intensity of the situation as they clearly look focused to ensure they survive this extreme stunt. This links to the movie, “Gone In 60 Seconds” because the use of cars are also important as they peruse what the characters want and what the characters expect from the cars, for example if there is a scene in both movies where there is a chase, the cars will be expected to be pushed to their limits and try to evade any form of trouble that the characters are in. Above we can see a powerful shot of the Mustang that is being launched of a huge ramp, this is because the character needs to escape from trouble hence why the car has been pushed to its limits.

Image result for image of gone in 60 seconds

Again we have an image with a low angle which instantly tells us that the movie genre is action/thriller. The picture demonstrates that there are 11 characters in the group, however, the larger 4 characters at the front are more dominant because they are bigger due to the camera angle, and this tells us that these characters are the head of the groups that they are in because they are taller and more focused towards what they are looking at. The low camera angle also makes items and objects look larger, we can see the “Christ of redeemer” statue and it is above everyone in the image. From this we can see how important the statue is and how it may be related to each and every one of the characters in the movie especially when the character “Dominic Toretto” has a similar cross around his neck, this brings a sense of safety and cohesion for the audience as they know that the characters will always have their faith as their protection throughout the film. The cross around the characters neck also represents that he does not need a weapon when he has the power of his faith in order to survive, this could explain why he has not got a weapon in his hand.

Furthermore, the “Christ of redeemer” statue is like an angel protecting the whole crew because it stands on top of the mountain and has its arms spread wide open similar to an angels wings, it is also surrounded with intense bright light which is associated with the religion of Christianity, and this connotes holiness, purity and innocence. This theme of religion also links to the action/thriller genre because as the characters conduct these dare devil like stunts and get into trouble, they will require some sort of faith to protect them. Both movies convey faith as an important part of the characters daily lives hence why we see religious signifiers in some of the shots of the movie. With the movie “Gone in 60 seconds”, the main character (Nicolas Cage), often uses the phrase “Jesus Christ”, this infers that he is thinking about his faith as he is doing these criminal offenses because he wants to save his brother’s life.


Image result for fast and furious 5 rio heist

Image result for image of gone in 60 seconds

This is another phenomenal shot from the movie, it is a Dutch tilt shot that includes all three characters around the vehicle and background. The angle of this shot is also a waist level angle. Firstly, the Dutch tilt shot is used to make the audience feel like the action has already arrived and from the way we are viewing the image, it seems like the action has already begun and this effect makes it more of an action packed simulation for the audience. The three characters are carrying different types of firearms and from the Dutch tilt angle it seems to look more furious. Also with the waist level angle the guns look larger and devastating which has an effect on the audience as they think there will be a much more violence and action.

The dark shades on the dirty car behind the characters also emphasises a lack of care and abuse and since the car is in the action packed movie, it tells the audience it has been through a lot of crisis and action. The vehicle also looks neglected and aggressive and can be classed as a weapon because it is used by the characters to do law breaking acts. This is actually a satisfaction for the audience because they will be overwhelmed with joy for the fact that the movie contains vast amounts of stunts. Also the Dutch tilt makes the props like the guns and cars look more sophisticated, like they have paused the image specifically as the movie poster.

Finally the waist level angle also offers the audience to look at the exquisite scenery behind the action packed theme. From the waist level angle we are able to see the beautiful background, this tells the audience that the action packed movie is going to be set in a lovely environment where the weather is hot. The purpose of the waist level angle is to include enough information about the movie and offer it to the audience hence why the image above is just enough to visualise and talk about. The waist level shot also shows the relationships between the characters and from this image, we see a sense of cohesion and protection, these characters are protecting each other as well as their car which shows that they treat their cars with respect due to the fact that the cars help them evade any form of trouble. In the “Fast and Furious” franchise, the Dodge challenger is a very symbolic car, the character himself has very emotional history with this car as it killed his dad in a crash hence why Dominic Toretto loses his father at such a young age.

Now that there are 8 movies, we can see how emotionally attached the character is with this car and how it is like a father figure to him because it reminds him of his father and protects him when he is in deep trouble. Another way to recognise the attachment between the character Dominic and the Dodge challenger is on the movie title, the character Dominic is defending the car and is protecting it with a huge weapon, he is positioned at the front of the car and doesn’t want it to get harmed. This links to the movie “gone in 60 seconds”, because the main character (Nicolas Cage), has a very deep bond with his car. We learn this throughout the movie because instead of calling the car a Mustang GT500 (Model name), the character calls the car “Eleanor”. From this we understand that the car has history with the character and it has a sentimental value to him. Also, the relationship of the car is further emphasised specifically on the movie title, the character is leaning casually on the car with a firm grip on the wheel arch.

To conclude, the movie uses a variety of different camera angles and different shots to show the audience what they are going to expect. From the low angle shots we see more power and inspiration towards the characters and from shots like the Dutch tilt we see disorientation which makes each image more specific and unique in its very own way. These all contribute to making the images suitable for their purpose and how the images comes across to the viewers. Also from the camera angles, we can visualise more than what the characters are just doing, instead we can see the backgrounds and some of the surrounding areas the characters are in. This infers that this was purposely used to allow the audience to get an insight on the scene and some of the characters personal desires due to the areas they are located in. Finally, Both movies utilise a sense of commitment to cars as the vehicles help the characters throughout the movies, this sort of action displayed in both movies makes them seem more entertaining and sympathetic towards the vehicles. The effect of this technique used by the director of the movie is that it makes the story line more effective and easier to remember for the audience. It creates cohesion between the audience and the characters as they have such a deep connection with the cars and the movie. Although it makes the movie more entertaining and engaging, it also causes a buzzing audience that are hyped for the next movies to be released. All of these deliberate effects relate to the success of both movies and explain why they are such great blockbusters.


Websites  ACCESSED ON  [17/10/16]  ACCESSED ON[15/10/16]  ACCESSED ON[15/10/16] ACCESSED ON [16/10/16]  ACCESSED ON [17/10/16] ACCESSED ON [17/10/16] – ACCESSED ON [17/10/16]


2011 – Fast 5 (Justin Lin)

2000 – Gone in 60 seconds (Dominic Sena)